Title IX

Overview

In accordance with the requirements set forth in Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 (Title IX), The Pegasus School provides this notice of nondiscrimination and states that the School does not discriminate on the basis of sex in its education programs and activities. Questions concerning Title IX may be referred to the School’s Title IX Coordinators whose contact information is below or to the Office for Civil Rights at the United States Department of Education.

For additional questions and support, please contact any one of the following personnel:

  • Jen Green, Lower School Director x1103 – Lower School
  • James Swiger, Middle School Director x1108 – Middle School
  • Kelli Young, Director of Human Resources x1138 – Faculty & Staff

Title IX Coordinators

List of 3 members.

  • Photo of Jennifer Green

    Jennifer Green 

    Lower School Director
  • Photo of James Swiger

    James Swiger 

    Middle School Director
  • Photo of Kelli Young

    Kelli Young 

    Director of Human Resources

Title IX Nondiscrimination Policy

In accordance with the requirements set forth in Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 (Title IX), the School does not discriminate on the basis of sex in its education programs and activities.  The School is committed to providing an academic and work environment free of unlawful harassment.  This Policy defines sexual harassment, and sets forth a procedure for the investigation and resolution of complaints of harassment by or against any staff or faculty member or student within the School.

This Policy protects students, employees, unpaid interns, and volunteers in connection with all the academic, educational, extracurricular, athletic, and other programs of the School, whether those programs take place in the School’s facilities, a School vehicle, or at a class or training program sponsored by the School at another location.

Definitions

List of 5 items.

  • General Harassment

    Harassment based on sex, sexual orientation, gender, gender identity, gender expression is illegal and violates School policy.  Harassment shall be found where a reasonable person with the same characteristics as the victim of the harassing conduct would be adversely affected to a degree that interferes with his/her/their ability to participate in or to realize the intended benefits of an institutional activity, employment, or resource.

    Gender-based harassment does not necessarily involve conduct that is sexual. Any hostile or offensive conduct based on gender can constitute prohibited harassment if it meets the definition above. For example, repeated derisive comments about a person’s competency to do the job, when based on that person’s gender, could constitute gender-based harassment. Harassment comes in many forms, including but not limited to the following conduct that could, depending on the circumstances, meet the definition above, or could contribute to a set of circumstances that meets the definition:

    VERBAL
    Inappropriate or offensive remarks, slurs, jokes, or innuendoes based on a person’s gender, sexual orientation, or other protected status. This may include, but is not limited to, inappropriate comments regarding an individual's body, physical appearance, attire, sexual prowess, or sexual orientation; unwelcome flirting or propositions; demands for sexual favors; verbal abuse, threats or intimidation; or sexist, patronizing or ridiculing statements that convey derogatory attitudes based on gender, sexual orientation, or other protected status.

    PHYSICAL
    Inappropriate or offensive touching, assault, or physical interference with free movement. This may include, but is not limited to, kissing, patting, lingering or intimate touches, grabbing, pinching, leering, staring, unnecessarily brushing against or blocking another person, whistling or sexual gestures.  It also includes any physical assault or intimidation directed at an individual due to that person’s gender, sexual orientation, or other protected status. Physical sexual harassment includes acts of sexual violence, such as rape, sexual assault, sexual battery, and sexual coercion.  Sexual violence refers to physical sexual acts perpetrated against a person’s will or where a person is incapable of giving consent due to the victim’s use of drugs or alcohol. An individual also may be unable to give consent due to an intellectual or other disability.

    VISUAL OR WRITTEN
    The display or circulation of visual or written material that degrades an individual or group based on gender, sexual orientation, or other protected status. This may include, but is not limited to, posters, cartoons, drawings, graffiti, reading materials, computer graphics, or electronic media transmissions.

    ENVIRONMENTAL
    A hostile academic or work environment may exist where it is permeated by sexual innuendo; insults or abusive comments directed at an individual or group based on gender, sexual orientation, or other protected status; or gratuitous comments regarding gender, sexual orientation, or other protected status that are not relevant to the subject matter of the class or activities on the job. A hostile environment can arise from an unwarranted focus on sexual topics or sexually suggestive statements in the classroom or work environment.  It can also be created by an unwarranted focus on, or stereotyping of, particular sexual orientations, genders, or other protected statuses. An environment may also be hostile toward anyone who merely witnesses unlawful harassment in his/her/their immediate surroundings, although the conduct is directed at others. The determination of whether an environment is hostile is based on the totality of the circumstances, including such factors as the frequency of the conduct, the severity of the conduct, whether the conduct is humiliating or physically threatening, and whether the conduct unreasonably interferes with an individual's learning or work.
  • Sexual Harassment

    In addition to the above, sexual harassment consists of unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal, visual, or physical conduct of a sexual nature made by someone from, or in, the work or educational setting when:

    • submission to the conduct is explicitly or implicitly made a term or condition of an individual's employment, academic status, progress, internship, or volunteer activity;
    • submission to, or rejection of, the conduct by the individual is used as a basis of employment or academic decisions affecting the individual;
    • the conduct has the purpose or effect of having a negative impact upon the individual's work or academic performance, or of creating an intimidating, hostile or offensive work or educational environment (as more fully described below); or
    • submission to, or rejection of, the conduct by the individual is used as the basis for any decision affecting the individual regarding benefits and services, honors, programs, or activities available at or through the community college.

    This definition encompasses two kinds of sexual harassment:

    1. "Quid pro quo" sexual harassment occurs when a person in a position of authority makes educational or employment benefits conditional upon an individual's willingness to engage in or tolerate unwanted sexual conduct.
    2. "Hostile environment" sexual harassment occurs when unwelcome conduct based on a person’s gender alters the conditions of an individual's learning or work environment, unreasonably interfere with an individual's academic or work performance, or create an intimidating, hostile, or abusive learning or work environment. The victim must subjectively perceive the environment as hostile, and the harassment must be such that a reasonable person of the same gender would perceive the environment as hostile. A single or isolated incident of sexual harassment may be sufficient to create a hostile environment if it unreasonably interfered with the person’s academic or work performance or created an intimidating, hostile, or offensive learning or working environment.
    Sexually harassing conduct can occur between people of the same or different genders. The standard for determining whether conduct constitutes sexual harassment is whether a reasonable person of the same gender as the victim would perceive the conduct as harassment based on sex.
  • Sexual Misconduct

    Sexual misconduct includes sexual harassment and sexual violence.Sexual violence refers to physical sexual acts perpetrated against a person’s will or when a person is incapable of giving consent due to the victim’s use of drugs or alcohol or due to an intellectual or other disability. Sexual violence includes rape, sexual assault, sexual battery, and sexual coercion.
  • Affirmative Consent

    Affirmative, conscious, and voluntary agreement to engage in sexual activity.
  • Academic Freedom

    No provision of this Policy shall be interpreted to prohibit conduct that is legitimately related to the course content, teaching methods, scholarship, or public commentary of an individual faculty member or the educational, political, artistic, or literary expression of students in classrooms and public forums. Freedom of speech and academic freedom are, however, not limitless and this procedure will not protect speech or expressive conduct that violates federal or California anti-discrimination laws.

Title IX FAQs for Students and Parents

List of 4 frequently asked questions.

  • What is Title IX?

    Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 protects people from discrimination based on sex in education programs or activities that receive Federal financial assistance. Consistent with Title IX, The Pegasus School does not discriminate against students, faculty or staff based on sex in any of its programs or activities, including but not limited to its educational programs and employment. This includes sexual harassment, including sexual assault.
  • What is the Complaint Process?

    Individuals who believe they have been discriminated against in violation of Title IX may file a complaint with the School or the United States Department of Education, Office for Civil Rights (OCR). If criminal conduct is involved, such as sexual assault, individuals may also file a report with the local police department. The school will initiate an investigation once it has received notice of sexual harassment or discrimination in violation of Title IX.
  • Who is a "Responsible Employee" under Title IX?

    Title IX requires that any "responsible employee" with notice of a Title IX violation report it to the Title IX Coordinator. A Responsible Employee is defined under Title IX as follows:

    • A School Official with authority to take action to redress sexual harassment/violence, or
    • A School Official with the duty of reporting incidents of sexual harassment/violence or any other misconduct to the Title IX Coordinator or other appropriate school designee, or
    • A School Official a student/employee could reasonably believe has either the authority or the duty listed above.
    All employees at the School are responsible employees under Title IX and the School policy. As such, employees are required to report any information they have concerning possible sexual harassment and discrimination to the Title IX Coordinator. The School is considered to have notice of a Title IX violation if a responsible employee "knew, or in the exercise of reasonable care should have known" about harassment or discrimination.
  • Are Individuals Protected From Retaliation for Making a Complaint or Participating in an Investigation?

    The School protects individuals from retaliation for opposing unlawful conduct, practices or policy, including for filing, testifying about, or participating in any Title IX complaint. If an individual believes he or she is the subject of retaliation for making a complaint or participating in the complaint process as a witness, that individual should promptly report any relevant actions, comments, or conduct to the Title IX Coordinator.

Title IX FAQs for Employees

List of 4 frequently asked questions.

  • What is Title IX?

    Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 protects people from discrimination based on sex in education programs or activities that receive Federal financial assistance. Consistent with Title IX, The Pegasus School does not discriminate against students, faculty or staff based on sex in any of its programs or activities, including but not limited to its educational programs and employment. This includes sexual harassment, including sexual assault. 
  • What is the complaint process?

    Individuals who believe they have been discriminated against in violation of Title IX may file a complaint with the School or the United States Department of Education, Office for Civil Rights (OCR). If criminal conduct is involved, such as sexual assault, individuals may also file a report with the local police department. The school will initiate an investigation once it has received notice of sexual harassment or discrimination in violation of Title IX.
  • Who is a "Responsible Employee" under Title IX?

    Title IX requires that any "responsible employee" with notice of a Title IX violation report it to the Title IX Coordinator. A Responsible Employee is defined under Title IX as follows:

    • A School Official with authority to take action to redress sexual harassment/violence, or
    • A School Official with the duty of reporting incidents of sexual harassment/violence or any other misconduct to the Title IX Coordinator or other appropriate school designee, or
    • A School Official a student/employee could reasonably believe has either the authority or the duty listed above.
    All employees at the School are responsible employees under Title IX and the School policy. As such, employees are required to report any information they have concerning possible sexual harassment and discrimination to the Title IX Coordinator. 

    The School is considered to have notice of a Title IX violation if a responsible employee "knew, or in the exercise of reasonable care should have known" about harassment or discrimination.
  • Are Individuals Protected From Retaliation for Making a Complaint or Participating in an Investigation?

    The School protects individuals from retaliation for opposing unlawful conduct, practices or policy, including for filing, testifying about, or participating in any Title IX complaint. If an individual believes he or she is the subject of retaliation for making a complaint or participating in the complaint process as a witness, that individual should promptly report any relevant actions, comments, or conduct to the Title IX Coordinator.

Title IX FAQs for Board Members

List of 5 frequently asked questions.

  • What is Title IX?

    Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 protects people from discrimination based on sex in education programs or activities that receive Federal financial assistance. Consistent with Title IX, The Pegasus School does not discriminate against students, faculty or staff based on sex in any of its programs or activities, including but not limited to its educational programs and employment. This includes sexual harassment, including sexual assault.
  • What is the Complaint Process?

    Individuals who believe they have been discriminated against in violation of Title IX may file a complaint with the School or the United States Department of Education, Office for Civil Rights (OCR). If criminal conduct is involved, such as sexual assault, individuals may also file a report with the local police department. The school will initiate an investigation once it has received notice of sexual harassment or discrimination in violation of Title IX.
  • Who is a "Responsible Employee" under Title IX?

    Title IX requires that any "responsible employee" with notice of a Title IX violation report it to the Title IX Coordinator. A Responsible Employee is defined under Title IX as follows:

    • A School Official with authority to take action to redress sexual harassment/violence, or
    • A School Official with the duty of reporting incidents of sexual harassment/violence or any other misconduct to the Title IX Coordinator or other appropriate school designee, or
    • A School Official is an employee could reasonably believe has either the authority or the duty listed above.
    All employees at the School are responsible employees under Title IX and the School policy. As such, employees are required to report any information they have concerning possible sexual harassment and discrimination to the Title IX Coordinator. The School is considered to have notice of a Title IX violation if a responsible employee "knew, or in the exercise of reasonable care should have known" about harassment or discrimination. While Board members are not “responsible employees,” they should contact the Title IX Coordinator if they become aware of harassment and discrimination in violation of Title IX.
  • Are Individuals Protected From Retaliation for Making a Complaint or Participating in an Investigation?

    The School protects individuals from retaliation for opposing unlawful conduct, practices or policy, including for filing, testifying about, or participating in any Title IX complaint. If an individual believes he or she is the subject of retaliation for making a complaint or participating in the complaint process as a witness, that individual should promptly report any relevant actions, comments, or conduct to the Title IX Coordinator.
  • What is the Role of the Board?

    The Board has the responsibility to oversee the School’s compliance with Title IX. As such, Board members should be familiar with the Title IX policy. The School is required to comply with Title IX while it receives federal financial assistance, including federal loans. The School’s failure to follow its policy can lead to liability. Once the School has met the federal loan obligations or if no longer receiving other federal financial assistance, the Board will have discretion to determine if it will continue to follow the School’s Title IX policy or whether it will withdraw it. Importantly, Title IX regulations are pending that may require that educational institutions receiving federal financial assistance adopt more rigorous investigation and hearing procedures once the regulation are adopted and go into effect. For these reasons, the policy includes an effective date, and it provides notice that the School has discretion to withdraw the policy once it no longer receives federal funding.

Title IX Complaint Process

List of 16 frequently asked questions.

  • Who May File a Complaint?

    Any student, employee, or third party who believes he/she/they has been discriminated against or harassed by a student, employee, or third party in violation of the School’s Title IX Nondiscrimination Policy.

    All responsible employees are required to report all actual or suspected sexual misconduct to the Title IX Coordinator immediately. A responsible employee is any employee who has the authority to take action to redress sexual misconduct, who has been given the duty of reporting incidents of sexual misconduct to the Title IX Coordinator, or whom a student or employee could reasonably believe has this authority or duty. The School is on notice if a responsible employee knew, or in the exercise of reasonable care should have known, about the sexual misconduct. The School treats all faculty and staff as responsible employees.
  • Where to File a Complaint

    A student, employee, or third party who believes he/she/they has been discriminated against or harassed in violation of these policies and procedures may make a complaint orally or in writing to the School’s Title IX Coordinators. Click here to access the Complaint form.

    The Title IX Coordinator will receive all relevant details about the alleged violation in order to determine what occurred and how to resolve the situation. This includes the names of alleged victim and alleged perpetrator (if known), and the date, time, and location of the alleged violation.
  • Filing a Timely Complaint

    Since failure to report harassment and discrimination impedes the School’s ability to stop the behavior, the School strongly encourages anyone who believes they are being harassed or discriminated against, to file a complaint. The School also strongly encourages the filing of such complaints within 30 days of the alleged incident. While all complaints are taken seriously and will be investigated promptly, delay in filing impedes the School’s ability to investigate and remediate.

    The School will investigate complaints involving acts that occur off campus if they are related to an academic or work activity or if the harassing conduct interferes with or limits a student’s or employee’s ability to participate in or benefit from the school’s programs or activities.
  • Communicating that the Conduct is Unwelcome

    The School encourages students and employees to let the offending person know immediately and firmly that the conduct or behavior is unwelcome, offensive, in poor taste or inappropriate. This is not required.
  • Intake and Processing of the Complaint

    Upon receiving notification of a harassment or discrimination complaint, the Title IX Coordinator shall:

    • Undertake efforts to resolve the complaint informally, including but not limited to mediation, rearrangement of work/academic schedules; obtaining apologies; providing informal counseling, training, etc.
    • Advise all parties that he/she/they need not participate in an informal resolution of the complaint, as described above, and they have the right to end the informal resolution process at any time.
    • Advise a complainant that he/she/they may file a complaint with the Office for Civil Rights of the U.S. Department of Education. Advise all complainants they have a right to file a complaint with local law enforcement, if the act complained of is also a criminal act. The School must investigate even if the complainant files a complaint with local law enforcement. In addition, the School should ensure that complainants are aware of any available resources, such as counseling, health, and mental health services.
    • Take interim steps to protect a complainant from coming into contact with an accused individual, especially if the complainant is a victim of sexual violence. The Title IX Coordinator should notify the complainant of his/her/their options to avoid contact with the accused individual and allow students to change academic situations as appropriate. For instance, the School may prohibit the accused individual from having any contact with the complainant pending the results of the investigation. When taking steps to separate the complainant and accused individual, the School shall minimize the burden on the complainant. For example, it is not appropriate to remove complainants from classes or housing while allowing accused individuals to remain.
    Where the complaint involves a minor, the School will comply with California mandated reporting requirements.
  • The Role of the Title IX Coordinator During the Investigation Process

    The Title IX Coordinator shall:

    • Authorize the investigation of the complaint, and supervise or conduct a thorough, prompt, and impartial investigation of the complaint, as set forth below. Where the parties opt for informal resolution, the Title IX Coordinator will determine whether further investigation is necessary to ensure resolution of the matter and utilize the investigation process outlined below as appropriate. An investigation will include interviews with the complainant, the accused, and any other persons who may have relevant knowledge concerning the complaint. This may include victims of similar conduct.
    • Review the factual information gathered through the investigation to determine whether the alleged conduct constitutes harassment, or other unlawful discriminatory conduct, giving consideration to all factual information and the totality of the circumstances, including the nature of the verbal, physical, visual or sexual conduct, and the context in which the alleged incidents occurred.
  • Investigation of the Complaint

    The School shall promptly investigate every complaint and claim of harassment or discrimination. No claim of workplace or academic harassment or discrimination shall remain unexamined. This includes complaints involving activities that occur off campus and in connection with all the academic, educational, extracurricular, athletic, and other programs of the School, whether those programs take place in the School’s facilities, in a School vehicle, or at a class or training program sponsored by the School at another location. The School shall promptly investigate complaints of harassment or discrimination that occur off campus if the alleged conduct creates a hostile environment on campus.

    As set forth above, where the parties opt for an informal resolution, the Title IXCoordinator may limit the scope of the investigation, as appropriate. The School will keep the investigation confidential to the extent possible, but cannot guarantee absolute confidentiality because release of some information on a “need-to-know-basis” is essential to a thorough investigation. When determining whether to maintain confidentiality, the School may weigh the request for confidentiality against the following factors: the seriousness of the alleged harassment; the complainant’s age; whether there have been other harassment complaints about the same individual; and the accused individual’s rights to receive information about the allegations if the information is maintained by the School as an “pupil record” under California Education Code section 49061. The School will inform the complainant if it cannot maintain confidentiality.
  • Investigation Steps

    The School will investigate harassment and discrimination complaints fairly and objectively. Employees designated to serve as investigators under this policy shall have adequate training on what constitutes sexual harassment, including sexual violence, and that they understand how the School’s grievance procedures operate. The investigator may not have any real or perceived conflicts of interest and must be able to investigate the allegations impartially.

    Once it decides to open an investigation that may lead to disciplinary action against the accused individual, the School will provide written notice to the accused individual of the allegations constituting a potential violation of the School’s Title IX Nondiscrimination Policy. 

    Investigators will use the following steps: interviewing the complainant(s); interviewing the accused individual(s); identifying and interviewing witnesses and evidence identified by each party; identifying and interviewing any other witnesses, if needed; reminding all individuals interviewed of the School’s no-retaliation policy; considering whether any involved person should be removed from the campus pending completion of the investigation; reviewing personnel/academic files of all involved parties; reach a conclusion as to the allegations and any appropriate disciplinary and remedial action; and see that all recommended action is carried out in a timely fashion.
  • Written Report

    The results of the investigation of a complaint shall be set forth in a written report that will include at least all of the following information:

    • A description of the circumstances giving rise to the complaint;
    • A summary of the testimony provided by each witness interviewed by the investigator;
    • A credibility determination of the victim, accused, and witnesses.
    • An analysis of relevant evidence collected during the course of the investigation;
    • A specific finding as to whether there is probable cause to believe that harassment, discrimination, or retaliation occurred with respect to each allegation in the complaint; and
    • Any other information deemed appropriate by the School.
  • Standard of Proof

    The School will use a “preponderance of the evidence” standard of proof in determining whether there has been a violation of the School’s Title IX Nondiscrimination Policy. This standard of proof is also known as “more likely than not” standard.
  • Timeline for Completion

    The School will undertake its investigation promptly and swiftly as possible.
  • Cooperation Encouraged

    The School expects all employees to cooperate with a School investigation into allegations of harassment or discrimination. Lack of cooperation impedes the ability of the School to investigate thoroughly and respond effectively. However, lack of cooperation by a complainant or witnesses does not relieve the School of its obligation to investigate. The School will conduct an investigation if it discovers that harassment is, or may be occurring, with or without the cooperation of the alleged victim(s) and regardless of whether a complaint is filed. No employee will be retaliated against as a result of lodging a complaint or participating in any workplace investigation.
  • Confidentiality of the Process

    Investigations are best conducted within a confidential climate. Therefore, the School does not reveal information about ongoing investigations except as necessary to fulfill its legal obligations. The School will keep the investigation confidential to the extent possible, but it cannot guarantee absolute confidentiality because release of some information on a “need-to-know-basis” is essential to a thorough investigation and to protect the rights of accused students and employees during the investigation process and any ensuing discipline.
  • Discipline and Corrective Action

    If harassment, discrimination, or retaliation occurred in violation of the Title IX Nondiscrimination Policy, the School shall take disciplinary action against the accused and any other remedial action it determines to be appropriate. The action will be prompt, effective, and commensurate with the severity of the offense. Remedies for the complainant might include, but are not limited to:

    • Providing an escort to ensure that the complainant can move safely between classes and activities;
    • Ensuring that the complainant and alleged perpetrator do not attend the same classes or work in the same work area;
    • Preventing offending third parties from entering campus;
    • Providing counseling services or a referral to counseling services;
    • Providing medical services or a referral to medical services;
    • Providing academic support services, such as tutoring;
    • Arranging for a student-complainant to re-take a course or withdraw from a class without penalty, including ensuring that any changes do not adversely affect the complainant’s academic record; and
    • Reviewing any disciplinary actions taken against the complainant to see if there is a causal connection between the harassment and the misconduct that may have resulted in the complainant being disciplined.

    Disciplinary actions against faculty, staff, and students will conform to all relevant statutes, regulations, personnel policies, and procedures.

    The School shall also take reasonable steps to protect the complainant from further harassment or discrimination, and to protect the complainant and witnesses from retaliation as a result of communicating the complaint or assisting in the investigation.

    The School will ensure that complainants and witnesses know how to report any subsequent problems, and should follow-up with complainants to determine whether any retaliation or new incidents of harassment have occurred. The School shall take reasonable steps to ensure the confidentiality of the investigation and to protect the privacy of all parties to the extent possible without impeding the School’s ability to investigate and respond effectively to the complaint.

    If the School cannot take disciplinary action against the accused individual because the complainant refuses to participate in the investigation, it should pursue other steps to limit the effects of the alleged harassment and prevent its recurrence.
  • Appeals

    If the School imposes discipline against a student or employee as a result of the findings in its investigation, the student or employee may appeal the decision using the procedure for appealing a disciplinary decision.

The Pegasus School

19692 Lexington Lane, Huntington Beach, CA 92646
Tel: 714-964-1224 |  Fax: 714- 962-6047
info@thepegasusschool.org
The Pegasus School is a coed, non-profit, nonsectarian day school in Huntington Beach, California, that serves students in pre-Kindergarten through Grade 8. A Pegasus education equips bright, motivated students to achieve future academic success and make a positive impact on society.